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Welcome to Galim Synthesizers

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Engineering Student's Guide to MIDI

Music Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) is the primary connection and protocol which transfers musical information between keyboards and synthesizers. This data can take several forms and have multiple functions. To learn more read the MIDI Protocol page.

MIDI Pages

MIDI 1.0

Detailed Specification captured the state of MIDI as of 1996 and is for developers, hobbyists, technicians, and others who want to know about the inner workings of MIDI. It included sections on the following extensions to MIDI which have been separated for individual download. [1]

  • General MIDI
  • Standard MIDI Files
  • MIDI Show Control
  • MIDI Machine Control
  • MIDI Time Code

MIDI 2.0

MIDI 2.0 is an extension of MIDI 1.0. It does not replace MIDI 1.0 but builds on the core principles, architecture, and semantics of MIDI 1.0. A foundational architecture for MIDI 2.0 expansion is defined by the MIDI Capability Inquiry (MIDI-CI) specification. MIDI-CI allows Devices with bidirectional communication to agree to use extended MIDI capabilities beyond those already defined in MIDI 1.0, while carefully protecting backward compatibility. MIDI 2.0 is not a stand-alone specification. Manufacturers and developers must have a thorough understanding of MIDI 1.0 in order to implement MIDI 2.0. [2]

  • MIDI 2.0 Specification Overview
  • MIDI Capability Inquiry (MIDI-CI)
  • Common Rules for MIDI-CI Profiles
  • Common Rules for MIDI-CI Property Exchange
  • Universal MIDI Packet (UMP) Format and MIDI 2.0 Protocol

Engineering Student's Guide to Synthesizers

  • Old School
  • 80's-90's Technology
  • Virtual Instruments
  • New School, (Old School Re-hash) a,k,a Eurorack


  1., MIDI 1.0, [1]
  2., MIDI 2.0, [2]